Ants are eusocial insects of the family Formicidae and, along with the related wasps and bees, belong to the order Hymenoptera. Ants evolved from vespoid wasp ancestors in the Cretaceous period. More than 13,800 of an estimated total of 22,000 species have been classified. They are easily identified by their geniculate (elbowed) antennae and the distinctive node-like structure that forms their slender waists.
Ants form colonies that range in size from a few dozen predatory individuals living in small natural cavities to highly organised colonies that may occupy large territories and consist of millions of individuals. Larger colonies consist of various castes of sterile, wingless females, most of which are workers (ergates), as well as soldiers (dinergates) and other specialised groups. Nearly all ant colonies also have some fertile males called “drones” and one or more fertile females called “queens” (gynes). The colonies are described as superorganisms because the ants appear to operate as a unified entity, collectively working together to support the colony.
Ants live in large groups called colonies. They may nest underground, inside trees, or in the walls and voids of a house or building. Inside a home, ants can nest behind baseboards, moldings, and countertops, as well as inside walls. Ants can also hitchhike into your home when you bring something inside from outdoors. Things like a potted plant, fresh cut flowers, produce from the garden, boxes from the garage, or new items you’ve recently purchased all offer opportunities for uninvited insects to get inside your home.
They will eat through any moist wood in or around your home. They chew through wood making little tunnels for their colony to live. This can cause serious damage to your home. These ants are not generally harmful to human. Various disease-causing organisms—including E. coli, Streptococcus, Shigella, Salmonella and Staphylococcus (many of which are found in feces)—have been found on some species of antsRegardless of the health issues, no one wants lots of ants crawling on their food and furnishings.
CONTROL AND MANAGEMENT MEASURES:
Ant Control Methods and Strategies. The basic strategies for success in ant control include: Ant Baiting: Ants baits are a highly effective ant control tool. After correct identification of the ants, the correct bait can be selected and placed strategically to encourage the ants to feed.